One of the quotable quotes of former First Lady of USA Eleanor Roosevelt says, “With freedom comes responsibility.”
Freedom and Responsibility go hand in hand. To enjoy freedom, it is essential that you understand your responsibilities and execute your duties within the set legal boundaries. In a democratic setup like our country, every Indian citizen has clearly defined rights and responsibilities. Based on moral, ethical, and the culture code of conduct of the people of the country, the fundamental duties incorporated by the 42nd amendment to the Indian Constitution.
With the 86th Amendment in 2002, the first ten fundamental duties increased to 11. These 11 primary duties are as follows
- To oblige with the Indian Constitution and respect the National Anthem and Flag.
- To cherish and follow the noble ideas that inspired the national struggle for freedom.
- To protect the integrity, sovereignty, and unity of India.
- To defend the country and perform national services if and when the nation requires.
- To promote the spirit of harmony and brotherhood amongst all people of India and renounce any practices that are derogatory to women.
- To cherish and preserve the rich national heritage of our composite culture.
- To protect and improve the natural environment including lakes, wildlife, rivers, forests, etc.
- To develop scientific temper, humanism, and spirit of enquiry.
- To safeguard all public property.
- To strive towards excellence in all genres of individual and collective activities.
The 11th fundamental duty which added to this list is:
- To provide opportunities for education to the children between 6-14 years of age, and parents to ensure that such chances are being awarded to their child.
Fundamental duties act as guidelines to the citizens in building and protecting the unity and integrity of the country.