How Bright is the future for the Regional Parties in India

regional political parties of India
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The Lok Sabha election 2019 results were a total debacle for the aspirations many a regional parties in the country. Except for a handful of them which includes Biju Janata Dal (BJD) of Naveen Patnaik, Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party (YSRCP) of Jagan Reddy and the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), almost every regional party floundered in the elections. Touted to be an election of the regional forces combined, things did not go the way these parties expected this time around.

Across the length and breadth of the country, every regional party with its political clout in a particular region has lost its ground. Though the BJP led alliance appeared to be strong enough, the regional parties did not see the avalanche coming by their way.

Big loss for the biggies

The Left front’s vote share, in this election, has been reduced to a shocking low – even lesser than some of the regional parties of India. It was more of a big shock than a surprise for Mamata Banerjee to find her party’s vote share being gobbled up BJP. Till a year ago, the Trinamool Congress (TMC) was considered unbeatable. But, now an element of uncertain looms large for TMC in general and Mamta Banerjee in particular. Some of the other regional parties that faced the whiplash of the voters are

  • The Telangana Rashtra Samiti (TRS) of strongman K Chandrashekar Rao lost eight seats out of 17 despite a landslide victory in the Assembly elections.
  • Chandrababu Naidu’s Telegu Desam Party’s (TDP) defeat in the hands of Jaganmohan Reddy’s YSRCP is a massive blow to Mr Naidu.
  • It was a total washout for Rashtriya Janata Dal in Bihar with the party unable to find its berth in the new Parliament without winning even a single seat.
  • Indian National Lok Dal (INLD) of Om Prakash Chautala lost their deposit and their hold in many of the constituencies which were their stronghold.
  • The Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) was in for a shock with voters moving away to Congress with and pushing them to the 3rd position in Delhi.
  • Down south, the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) and its alliance with BJP failed to lure the voters leading to a bitter defeat with DMK.
  • Kumaraswamy’s Janata Dal-Secular (JDS) with its alliance with Congress party also tasted a huge loss of seats in Karnataka.

What is the message the voter is trying to send across?

Even though it is hard to conclude the intentions of the vote, certain things appear from the recent election results the vote inclination. Despite the loss of many dynastic parties which are regional, there are a couple of them which made significant strides in their vote share displaying massive victories such as the YSRCP of Jagan Reddy. Though it may look outwardly that voters have shunned caste-based voting and exhibited their inclination towards religion based voting, time can only testify this stance of the voter. However, the 2019 Lok Sabha elections was a Pandora’s box opening quite a lot of surprises – some pleasant and some bitter hard pills of reality.


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